Florence

The sustainability of the development of the airport and environmental protection issues are, together with the quality of services and safety, a priority for Toscana Aeroporti. In this perspective, Toscana Aeroporti controls the impact of noise levels on the territory by adopting an airport noise monitoring system compliant with the technical and structural specifications issued with DM 31/10/97 and DM 16/03/98.
The system has the purpose of monitoring the impact of noise generated by airport activities on the areas surrounding the airport.

 

Legislation on aviation noise pollution

EU Legislation
National Legislation

 

Airport noise levels

The Florence airport has adopted a system for the monitoring of its noise levels by measuring the noise produced at ground level to assess the impact of sound and mitigate its effects on the environment.

The noise level monitoring system allows for:

monitoring the sound pressure caused by flight operations on the areas surrounding the airport;

measuring and recording the noise of flight operations continuously with a network of phonometers and radar tracing instruments;

managing relationships wit the community by publishing data on noise levels.

The effects of the noise produced by flight operations can be monitored continuously by crossing the information provided by this system.
The airport noise monitoring activity is performed by TA – Florence under the supervision of local public bodies (DA ENAC, ARPAT-Area vasta Centro-Settore Agenti Fisici). In particular, ARPAT accesses the airport noise monitoring system and periodically conducts parallel measurement campaigns to check the correctness of data.

 

Flight path monitoring

As regards the Florence airport, ENAV provides Toscana Aeroporti with radar tracings of the flights operated by the airport, so that the Airport Operator can analyse them and detect any possible violation of the noise abatement procedure concerning takeoffs from runway # 23, i.e. Towards Quaracchi/Peretola (see AIP AD 2 LIRQ 1-10).

 

The Airport Commission

A special Commission, created pursuant to art. 5 of DM - Ministerial Decree - 31-Oct-1997 and chaired by ENAC, consisting of the representatives of the Ministry of the Environment - ISPRA, ENAV (the National Board for Flight Assistance), the municipalities bordering the airport, the Province, the Tuscany Regional Government, ARPAT, representatives of the air carriers and TA, operates at the Florence airport and has established the following policies over the years:

• noise abatement procedures;
• airport noise zoning;
• aircraft noise mitigation and abatement measures.

 

Airport noise zoning

The airport noise zoning approved by the Florence Airport Commission on 10 May 2005, which defined the airport surrounding areas and the related buffer zones (Zones A, B and C defined in the Ministerial Decree of 31 October 1997), applies to the Florence airport.

The table below shows the regulatory limits established by the above-mentioned Ministerial Decree for the LVA index.

 

Zona Limite di LVA
Zona A 65 dB(A)
Zona B 75 dB(A)
Zona C >75 dB(A)
Al di fuori delle zone A, B, C 60 dB(A)

 

zonizzazione

Fig.1 Airport Zoning

 

The LVA index

The noise produced by landing and departing aircraft is determined by using the method described in the applicable Italian legislation (DM 31/10/97) by using the so-called LVA indicator (Airport Noise Level Assessment). A number of devices record the noise generated by flying aircraft, which is measured by using several parameters, including the SEL (Sound Exposure Level). The logarithmic sum of all the SELs recorded by each device in a given day determined the daily LVA for that device. By measuring noise pressure, this system allows for the determination of the noise descriptor called “LVA” . The annual LVA is the logarithmic mean of the daily LVAs recorded over the three peak weeks, which are the weeks with the highest number of movements, as identified in the following three quarters of the year:

1 October - 31 January;
1 February - 31 May;
1 June - 30 September.

The phonometer network

TA-Florence constantly monitors the airport noise impact through a network of monitoring devices in compliance with the technical and structural specifications issued with DM 31/10/97 and DM 16/03/98, consisting in the following main components:

• Four fixed measurement devices located in four different points of the territory of the Municipality of Florence under takeoff and landing paths of the Florence airport and a mobile measurement device. The fixed devices are called “Gonio”, “Poste”, “Alcatel” and “Silfi”, the mobile device "Carrello".
• A central data capture and storage system, consisting of the necessary software and hardware to capture and process the data collected by the devices and by externa sources, such as the radar tracings transmitted by ENAV.
• SARA Software (airport noise system capture) required for the analysis and processing of data, correlation of phonometric data with flight data, calculation of noise descriptors, particularly LVA, for the presentation of results. SARA is capable of discriminating noise events caused by aircraft and correlating them to flying operations to eventually validate the data obtained. SARA has been tested by MATTM (Ministero dell'Ambiente e della Tutela del Territorio e del Mare - the Ministry of the Environment and for the Protection of the Territory and the Sea) and is compliant with the guidelines issued by ISPRA.

 

The phonometer network

TA-Florence constantly monitors the airport noise impact through a network of monitoring devices in compliance with the technical and structural specifications issued with DM 31/10/97 and DM 16/03/98, consisting in the following main components:

• Four fixed measurement devices located in four different points of the territory of the Municipality of Florence under takeoff and landing paths of the Florence airport and a mobile measurement device. The fixed devices are called “Gonio”, “Poste”, “Alcatel” and “Silfi”, the mobile device "Carrello".
• A central data capture and storage system, consisting of the necessary software and hardware to capture and process the data collected by the devices and by externa sources, such as the radar tracings transmitted by ENAV.
• SARA Software (airport noise system capture) required for the analysis and processing of data, correlation of phonometric data with flight data, calculation of noise descriptors, particularly LVA, for the presentation of results. SARA is capable of discriminating noise events caused by aircraft and correlating them to flying operations to eventually validate the data obtained. SARA has been tested by MATTM (Ministero dell'Ambiente e della Tutela del Territorio e del Mare - the Ministry of the Environment and for the Protection of the Territory and the Sea) and is compliant with the guidelines issued by ISPRA.


This is the distribution of the measuring devices around the airport:

Fig2

Fig. 1. Measuring devices of the Florence airport monitoring network

 

The mobile device is positioned in different places from time to time around the airport based on their significance for the purpose of detecting the noise impact produced.

Fig4

Fig.2. Location of the measuring devices. 

 

The measuring device Gonio is installed in Zone B, in privately owned property
adjacent to the airport on the side of the head section of runway # 05. The measuring device is positioned on the wall of a building and the microphone is at approx. 6 metres from the ground level; the measuring device is positioned at approx. 300 metres from head section 05.

The measuring device Poste is installed in Zone A, on the flat cover of one of the buildings of the mail sorting centre adjacent to the airport on the side of the head section of runway # 23. The measuring device is located at a distance, measured as the crow flies, of approx. 1,000 metres from the head section runway # 23 and is positioned at approx. 3 metres from the walking level. The “Poste” monitoring position is also equipped with a weather station capable of continuously detecting wind and rain direction and speed, and atmospheric temperature and pressure.

The measuring device Silfi is installed in Zone A, in the private property of a busines, positioned at approx. 1,400 metres from the head section of runway # 05. The measuring device is positioned on the ground and the microphone is at approx. 6 m from the ground level. This monitoring device is also equipped with a weather station capable of continuously detecting wind and rain direction and speed, and atmospheric temperature and pressure.

The measuring device Alcatel is outside the surrounding airport area, in a private property. The measuring device is positioned on the ground and the microphone is at approx. 6 m from the ground level; the measuring device is at a distance, measured as the crow flies, of approx. 1,700 m from the head section of runway # 05.

The mobile measuring device called Carrello is provided with a telescopic microphone boom and the microphone is at approx. 3 metres from the ground. The measuring device is positioned from time to time in different places around the airport, generally in the vicinity of aircraft paths.

 

 

 

© CopyRight 2018 Toscana Aeroporti S.p.A. - P.IVA 00403110505 - All rights reserved - Privacy policy - Cookie policy - Informativa clienti/fornitori - Designed by App to you srl